Social Vulnerability to Disasters: By Deborah S.K. Thomas.
ISBN: 9781420078565, Hardcover, 406 Pages, 7" x 10", Aug. 2009
- Focuses on the social issues of vulnerable populations in the context of disasters and emergency management
- Details deficiencies in current disaster preparedness plans and policies for special needs and vulnerable populations
- Explains how social, political, and economic factors can increase vulnerability to disasters
- Presents practical information on how to build local, community-based disaster resiliency
- Provides insights into the life cycle of emergency management including preparedness, planning, response, recovery, and mitigation
- Describes strategies for building resiliency among and with populations at risk
In recent years, the world has watched in horror as tsunamis, earthquakes, and hurricanes have wrought havoc across countries and continents. While these events have different circumstances, they share a common factor: the overwhelming majority of victims are women, children, elderly, disadvantaged, or disabled. Evidence gathered from these events clearly demonstrates how social structure and roles produce extensive human suffering and differential impacts. Focusing explicitly on the social construction of disasters, Social Vulnerability to Disasters examines how the characteristics of an event alone do not create the tragedies that unfurl.
The book discusses why such vulnerabilities exist, what can be done to foster change, and ultimately, reduce vulnerabilities and build capacity. It takes a multi-disciplinary approach to examine historical, geographic, social, and cultural factors and conditions that put people differently at risk before, during, and after disasters. The contributors explore how vulnerable social groups are affected by and cope with hazardous conditions and events. Each chapter provides strategies for community based mitigation by engaging those populations most at risk.
Research has shown that recognizing and focusing on at-risk populations can create better mitigation, response, preparedness, and recovery capabilities, as well as lessening the economic and social impact of disasters. Based on materials developed for the FEMA Higher Education Project, this book is an empirically-based guide on the practical value of incorporating social aspects of disasters into emergency management, public administration, and social service programs.